On July 7, Italy’s Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio went on a mission to Bali, Indonesia, to attend the G20 Foreign Ministers Meeting.
This year, Indonesia holds the rotating presidency of the G20 and heads the Troika together with Italy, the outgoing presidency, and India, the incoming presidency. The central theme chosen by Jakarta – “Recover together, recover stronger” – ideally assures continuity with the Italian Presidency by emphasizing multilateralism and international cooperation. The priority areas of Indonesia’s agenda concern the global health architecture, digital transformation, energy conversion, and sustainability.
On July 8, Foreign Minister Di Maio attended the two working sessions of the Ministerial Meeting. The first session was dedicated to strengthening multilateralism – a pillar in Italy’s foreign policy – and establishing a world order based on clear rules and centered around the UN system.
“Russia’s invasion of Ukraine poses serious challenges to the multilateral system, undermining common trust among the different actors in the international community. ” says the Italian Foreign Ministry. “It is precisely on the position to be maintained at the Ministerial Meeting in Bali concerning the Russian Federation that Italy keeps in close coordination with its principal international partners, starting with those within the G7.“
Russian aggression is also having a significant impact on food and energy supplies. This issue was the focus of the afternoon session of the proceedings. The triple threat comprising the pandemic, the war, and the supply chain disruption, compounded with the hike in inflation, affects the entire international system, especially the most vulnerable countries.
In relation to food security, Mr. Di Maio’s address focused on the Matera Declaration adopted under the Italian Presidency of the G20, which envisages numerous actions to combat the food crisis, including the Italian initiative for a Ministerial Dialogue with Mediterranean Countries on the food crisis. The first meeting of the Mediterranean dialogue took place on June 8 in Rome.
Addressing energy security, Minister Di Maio illustrated the “energy diplomacy” initiative promoted by Italy and aimed at diversifying energy supply sources and limiting the rise in energy prices while simultaneously providing tangible solutions for families and enterprises. Mr. Di Maio underlined that the energy security goal is not opposed to, but synergistic with, the energy transition.
In this context, Mr. Di Maio also recalled the “Naples Principles” approved at the Energy and Climate Joint Ministerial Meeting held in Naples in 2021, which represent a further important legacy of the Italian Presidency of the G20.